Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2015
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies


Basis of Presentation


The accompanying consolidated financial statements are unaudited and, in our opinion, contain all normal recurring adjustments necessary for a fair statement of the results for the periods presented.


Our operations are seasonal and results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results for the entire fiscal year. Historically, demand for cruises has been strongest during the summer months. The interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2014, which are included in our most recently filed Annual Report on Form 10-K.


During the nine months ended September 30, 2015, we revised the classification of goodwill and intangible assets to separately present goodwill and tradenames. Other intangible assets consisting of customer relationships and backlog are presented within other long-term assets. The revision was not deemed material to the Consolidated Balance Sheet.




Certain amounts in prior periods have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation.


Shareholders’ Equity


In connection with the Corporate Reorganization, previously granted profits interests to employees were exchanged for Management NCL Corporation Units (“Units”), and the vested Unit holders gained proportionate rights to distributions of NCLC and were therefore allocated a proportionate share of NCLC’s equity. The effect of this change was a $20.2 million increase in the non-controlling interest.


During 2014, following the effectiveness of NCLH’s registration statement on Form S-3, additional performance-based Units became eligible to participate in the earnings of NCLC, and as a result, a proportionate amount of NCLC’s equity was allocated to the additional non-controlling interest.   Each Unit holder had the right, subject to the same time-based and performance-based vesting requirements of the profits interests, to exchange Units for NCLH’s ordinary shares at a rate equal to one ordinary share for every Unit. When such an exchange occurred, this resulted in the exchange of non-controlling interest to controlling interest.  Accordingly, upon the exchange of a Unit for an ordinary share of NCLH, a portion of the non-controlling interest balance was reclassified to additional paid-in capital. During the nine months ended September 30, 2014, there was $9.0 million transferred to non-controlling interest.


During the nine months ended September 30, 2014, Management NCL Corporation Unit holders were distributed funds for partnership tax payments of $3.9 million. In the fourth quarter of 2014, all Management NCL Corporation Units were exchanged for NCLH ordinary shares and restricted ordinary shares. We refer you to Note 1— “Corporate Reorganization”.


On April 29, 2014, NCLH’s Board of Directors authorized, and NCLH announced, a three-year share repurchase program for up to $500.0 million. NCLH may make repurchases in the open market, in privately negotiated transactions, in accelerated repurchase programs or in structured share repurchase programs, and any repurchases may be made pursuant to Rule 10b5-1 plans. During the nine months ended September 30, 2014, NCLH repurchased approximately 2.5 million ordinary shares under its share repurchase program for $82.0 million, these shares are reflected as treasury shares at cost on the consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2014 included in NCLH’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed on October 31, 2014. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, 46,225 ordinary shares were repurchased to cover tax withholding obligations for employees who received NCLH’s ordinary shares in connection with the Acquisition of Prestige. These shares were not purchased pursuant to any publicly announced share repurchase programs. In addition, 83,396 ordinary shares were repurchased as part of the publicly announced share repurchase program during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015. As of September 30, 2015, $413.3 million remained available for repurchases of our outstanding ordinary shares under the share repurchase program.


Earnings Per Share


A reconciliation between basic and diluted earnings per share was as follows (in thousands, except share and per share data):


    Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
    2015     2014     2015     2014  
Net income attributable to Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings Ltd.   $ 251,787     $ 201,078     $ 388,825     $ 363,961  
Net income   $ 251,787     $ 203,278     $ 388,825     $ 368,249  
Basic weighted-average shares outstanding     227,384,616       203,220,218       225,805,901       204,444,469  
Dilutive effect of share awards     2,890,140       5,286,963       4,054,999       5,548,178  
Diluted weighted-average shares outstanding     230,274,756       208,507,181       229,860,900       209,992,647  
Basic earnings per share   $ 1.11     $ 0.99     $ 1.72     $ 1.78  
Diluted earnings per share   $ 1.09     $ 0.97     $ 1.69     $ 1.75  


Revenue and Expense Recognition


Revenue and expense includes taxes assessed by governmental authorities that are directly imposed on a revenue-producing transaction between a seller and a customer. The amounts included in revenue and expense on a gross basis were $70.0 million and $51.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively, and $184.4 million and $134.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively.


Guest cancellation penalties are recognized in passenger ticket revenue in the month of the cancellation.


Depreciation and Amortization Expense


The amortization of deferred financing fees are included in depreciation and amortization expense in the statements of cash flows but are not included in the depreciation and amortization expense in the statements of operations.


Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements


In August 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2015-15 to clarify presentation for debt issuance costs related to line-of-credit arrangements, as this was not addressed in ASU No. 2015-03. ASU No. 2015-15 provides that the SEC staff would not object to an entity deferring and presenting debt issuance costs as an asset and subsequently amortizing the deferred debt issuance costs ratably over the term of the line-of-credit arrangement, regardless of whether there are any outstanding borrowings on the line-of-credit arrangement. We will consider this guidance upon adoption of ASU No. 2015-03.


In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-11 to simplify the measurement of inventory for all entities. This applies to all inventory that is measured using first-in, first-out or average cost. The guidance requires an entity to measure inventory at the lower of cost and net realizable value. The guidance must be applied prospectively and will be effective for our interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016. Early adoption is permitted as of the beginning of an interim or annual reporting period. We are currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this newly issued guidance to our consolidated financial statements.


In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-05 to clarify a customer’s accounting for fees paid in a cloud computing arrangement. The amendments provide guidance to customers about whether a cloud computing arrangement includes a software license or if the arrangement should be accounted for as a service contract. This guidance will impact the accounting of software licenses but will not change a customer’s accounting for service contracts. The guidance will be effective for annual periods, including interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2015. Early adoption is permitted. An entity can elect to adopt the amendments either prospectively or retrospectively. We are currently evaluating the impact, if any, of the adoption of this newly issued guidance to our consolidated financial statements.


In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-03 to simplify the presentation of debt issuance costs. The guidance requires that debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability, consistent with debt discounts. The recognition and measurement guidance for debt issuance costs are not affected by these amendments. This guidance should be applied on a retrospective basis, wherein the balance sheet of each individual period presented should be adjusted to reflect the period-specific effects of applying the new guidance. The guidance will be effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted for financial statements that have not been previously issued. We will adopt this newly issued guidance in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ending December 31, 2015.


In May 2014, FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09 which requires entities to recognize revenue through the application of a five-step model, which includes identification of the contract, identification of the performance obligations, determination of the transaction price, allocation of the transaction price to the performance obligation and recognition of revenue as the entity satisfies the performance obligations. Entities have the option of using either a full retrospective or a modified approach to adopt the guidance. In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-14 deferring the effective date for one year. We can elect to adopt the provisions of ASU No. 2014-09 for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017 including interim periods within that reporting period or we can elect to early adopt the guidance as of the original effective date. We are currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this newly issued guidance to our consolidated financial statements.