Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2021
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

2.   Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Liquidity and Management’s Plan

Due to the continued spread of COVID-19, ongoing travel restrictions and limited access to ports around the world, in March 2020, the Company implemented a voluntary suspension of all cruise voyages across its three brands. As of the date of this filing and through June 2021, we have temporarily suspended all global cruise voyages and announced a limited resumption of cruises beginning in July 2021. Significant events affecting travel, including COVID-19, typically have an impact on demand for cruise vacations, with the full extent of the impact generally determined by the length of time the event influences travel decisions. We believe the ongoing effects of COVID-19 on our operations and global bookings have had, and will continue to have, a significant impact on our financial results and liquidity, and such negative impact may continue well beyond the containment of the pandemic.

In January 2021, we amended our Senior Secured Credit Facility to further defer certain amortization payments due prior to June 30, 2022 and to waive certain financial and other covenants through December 31, 2022. In February 2021, we amended certain of our export-credit backed facilities to further defer amortization payments through March 31, 2022, and we amended all of our export-credit backed facilities to suspend certain financial covenants through December 31, 2022. In connection with such amendments of our Senior Secured Credit Facility and our export-credit backed facilities,

our minimum liquidity requirement was increased to $200 million and such requirement applies through December 31, 2022. In March 2021, the Company received additional financing through various debt financings and an equity offering, collectively totaling approximately $2.7 billion in gross proceeds. From the proceeds, approximately $1.5 billion was used to extinguish debt. Refer to Note 6 – “Long-Term Debt” for further details of the above transactions.

In April 2021, we announced a limited relaunch of certain cruise voyages embarking outside of the U.S. beginning in July 2021 with our ships initially operating at reduced occupancy levels. The timing for bringing our ships back to service and the percentage of our fleet in service will depend on a number of factors including, but not limited to, the duration and extent of the COVID-19 pandemic, further resurgences and new variants of COVID-19, the availability, distribution, rate of public acceptance and efficacy of vaccines and therapeutics for COVID-19, our ability to comply with governmental regulations, port availability, travel restrictions, bans and advisories, and our ability to re-staff our ships and implement new health and safety protocols.

The estimation of our future cash flow projections includes numerous assumptions that are subject to various risks and uncertainties. Upon the relaunch of cruise voyages, our principal assumptions for future cash flow projections include:

Expected gradual phased relaunch at reduced occupancy levels;
Forecasted cash collections primarily upon completion of future voyages and the payment of cash refunds for any further cancellations, in accordance with the terms of our credit card processing agreements (see Note 9 - “Commitments and Contingencies”); and
Expected incremental expenses for resumption of cruise voyages, including the maintenance of and compliance with additional health and safety protocols.

Due to the unknown duration and extent of the COVID-19 pandemic, travel restrictions, bans and advisories, uncertainties around our ability to comply with governmental regulations, the potential unavailability of ports and/or destinations, voyage cancellations and timing of redeployments, and a general impact on consumer sentiment regarding cruise travel, we cannot predict when our full fleet will be back in service at historical occupancy levels. Until our phased relaunch begins, our projected liquidity requirements reflect our principal assumptions surrounding the costs of the announced limited relaunch of certain cruise voyages, ongoing operating costs during the suspension of cruise voyages, as well as liquidity requirements for financing costs and necessary capital expenditures, and our ability to continue to implement cash conservation strategies, including, but not limited to:

Moving our ships that are not in service to minimum manning levels, which we expect would result in further reductions in crew payroll costs, fuel consumption, and maintenance costs;
Further reductions in general operating expenses; and
Further reductions in discretionary capital expenditures including cancellation or reduction in scope of certain Dry-docks.

We cannot make assurances that our assumptions used to estimate our liquidity requirements will not change due to the unique and unpredictable nature of the pandemic. Accordingly, the full effect of our suspension of cruise voyages on our financial performance and financial condition cannot be quantified at this time. We have made reasonable estimates and judgments of the impact of COVID-19 within our financial statements and there may be material changes to those estimates in future periods. We will report a net loss for the three months ending June 30, 2021 and expect to report a net loss until we are able to resume regular voyages, including for the year ending December 31, 2021.

Based on these actions and assumptions regarding the impact of COVID-19, and considering our available liquidity including cash and cash equivalents of $3.5 billion at March 31, 2021, we have concluded that after implementing the above cash conservation strategies, we have sufficient liquidity to satisfy our obligations for at least the next twelve months even in the event we do not resume cruise voyages during that period.

Subsequent to the liquidity assessment period (twelve months from the issuance of these financial statements), the Company may require additional liquidity to meet ongoing obligations, including debt amortization payments and ship milestone payments net of export-credit financing, of approximately $670 million that are due in July 2022 and its minimum liquidity covenant requirements. The Company plans to take additional steps following the issuance of these financial statements to increase its liquidity, which may include additional debt and/or equity financing and potential further renegotiations of its debt amortization payments, newbuild payments and covenants. The extent of these actions to increase the Company’s liquidity will be dependent in part on the timing of the resumption of cruise voyages, which despite the Company’s expectations for a limited relaunch beginning July 2021, is uncertain. There can be no assurances that the Company will be successful in generating the additional liquidity necessary to meet its obligations beyond twelve months from the issuance of these financial statements on terms acceptable to the Company or at all. If the Company is unable to satisfy or renegotiate its minimum liquidity covenant requirements, it could have a significant adverse effect on the Company’s business, financial condition and operating results.

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying consolidated financial statements are unaudited and, in our opinion, contain all normal recurring adjustments necessary for a fair statement of the results for the periods presented.

Our operations are seasonal and results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results for the entire fiscal year. Historically, demand for cruises has been strongest during the Northern Hemisphere’s summer months; however, our cruise voyages have been completely suspended since March 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2020, which are included in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on February 26, 2021.



Certain amounts in prior periods have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation.

Loss Per Share

A reconciliation between basic and diluted loss per share was as follows (in thousands, except share and per share data):

Three Months Ended

March 31, 





Net loss





Basic weighted-average shares outstanding





Dilutive effect of share awards



Diluted weighted-average shares outstanding





Basic loss per share





Diluted loss per share





For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, a total of 120.8 million and 7.0 million shares, respectively, have been excluded from diluted weighted-average shares outstanding because the effect of including them would have been anti-dilutive.

Foreign Currency

The majority of our transactions are settled in U.S. dollars. We remeasure assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies at exchange rates in effect at the balance sheet date. Gains or losses resulting from transactions denominated in other currencies are recognized in our consolidated statements of operations within other income (expense), net. We recognized gains of $4.8 million and $19.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, related to transactions denominated in other currencies.

Depreciation and Amortization Expense

The amortization of deferred financing fees is included in depreciation and amortization expense in the consolidated statements of cash flows; however, for purposes of the consolidated statements of operations they are included in interest expense, net.

Recently Issued Accounting Guidance

In March 2020, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting (“ASU 2020-04”), which provided guidance to alleviate the burden in accounting for reference rate reform by allowing certain expedients and exceptions in applying GAAP to contracts, hedging relationships and other transactions impacted by reference rate reform. The provisions apply only to those transactions that reference LIBOR or another reference rate expected to be discontinued due to reference rate reform. Adoption of the provisions of ASU 2020-04 are optional and are effective from March 12, 2020 through December 31, 2022. As of March 31, 2021, we have not adopted any expedients and exceptions under ASU 2020-04. We will continue to evaluate the impact of ASU 2020-04 on our consolidated financial statements.