Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2021
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Liquidity and Management’s Plan
Due to the impact of COVID-19, ongoing travel restrictions and limited access to ports around the world, in March 2020, the Company implemented a voluntary suspension of all cruise voyages across its three brands. As of June 30, 2021, none of our ships were operating with guests on board; however, all of our brands have announced resumption of cruise voyages by September 30, 2021 as part of our phased return to service and two ships have currently commenced voyages. Significant events affecting travel, including COVID-19, typically have an impact on demand for cruise vacations, with the full extent of the impact generally determined by the length of time the event influences travel decisions. We believe the ongoing effects of COVID-19 on our operations and global bookings have had, and will continue to have, a significant impact on our financial results and liquidity, and such negative impact may continue well beyond the containment of the pandemic.
In January 2021, we amended our Senior Secured Credit Facility to further defer certain amortization payments due prior to June 30, 2022 and to waive certain financial and other covenants through December 31, 2022. In February 2021, we amended certain of our export-credit backed facilities to further defer amortization payments through March 31, 2022, and we amended all of our export-credit backed facilities to suspend certain financial covenants through December 31, 2022. In connection with such amendments of our Senior Secured Credit Facility and our export-credit backed facilities,
our minimum liquidity requirement was increased to $200 million and such requirement applies through December 31, 2022. In March 2021, the Company received additional financing through various debt financings and an equity offering, collectively totaling approximately $2.7 billion in gross proceeds. From the proceeds, approximately $1.5 billion was used to extinguish debt. Refer to Note 6 – “Long-Term Debt” for further details of the above transactions.
In the second quarter of 2021, we announced a phased relaunch of certain cruise voyages beginning in July 2021 with our ships initially operating at reduced occupancy levels. The Company has announced its phased relaunch plans for all 28 ships across its three brands which began with Norwegian Jade on July 25, 2021 and continues through April 1, 2022. The first cruise to commence in the U.S. was on August 7, 2021 with Norwegian Encore sailing to Alaska from Seattle. The Company expects to have approximately 40% of capacity operating by September 30, 2021 and approximately 75% by December 31, 2021 with the full fleet expected to be back in operation by April 1, 2022. The timing for bringing our ships back to service and the percentage of our fleet in service will depend on a number of factors including, but not limited to, the duration and extent of the COVID-19 pandemic, further resurgences and new more contagious and/or vaccine-resistant variants of COVID-19, the availability, distribution, rate of public acceptance and efficacy of vaccines and therapeutics for COVID-19, our ability to comply with governmental regulations, port availability, travel restrictions, bans and advisories, and our ability to re-staff our ships and implement new health and safety protocols.
The estimation of our future cash flow projections includes numerous assumptions that are subject to various risks and uncertainties. Upon the relaunch of cruise voyages, our principal assumptions for future cash flow projections include:
We cannot make assurances that our assumptions used to estimate our liquidity requirements will not change due to the unique and unpredictable nature of the pandemic, including its magnitude and duration. Accordingly, the full effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on our financial performance and financial condition cannot be quantified at this time. We have made reasonable estimates and judgments of the impact of COVID-19 within our financial statements and there may be material changes to those estimates in future periods. We will report a net loss for the three months ending September 30, 2021 and expect to report a net loss until we are able to resume regular voyages, including for the year ending December 31, 2021. We have taken actions to improve our liquidity, including completing various capital market transactions and making capital expenditure and operating expense reductions, and we expect to continue to pursue other opportunities to improve our liquidity and to refinance our debt to reduce interest expense and extend maturities.
Based on these actions and assumptions regarding the impact of COVID-19, and considering our available liquidity including cash and cash equivalents of $2.8 billion as of June 30, 2021, we have concluded that we have sufficient liquidity to satisfy our obligations for at least the next twelve months.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying consolidated financial statements are unaudited and, in our opinion, contain all normal recurring adjustments necessary for a fair statement of the results for the periods presented.
Our operations are seasonal and results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results for the entire fiscal year. Historically, demand for cruises has been strongest during the Northern Hemisphere’s summer months; however, our cruise voyages were completely suspended from March 2020 until July 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated
financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2020, which are included in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on February 26, 2021.
Loss Per Share
A reconciliation between basic and diluted loss per share was as follows (in thousands, except share and per share data):
For the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, a total of 99.2 million and 59.2 million, respectively, and for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, a total of 110.0 million and 33.1 million, respectively, shares have been excluded from diluted weighted-average shares outstanding because the effect of including them would have been anti-dilutive.
The majority of our transactions are settled in U.S. dollars. We remeasure assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies at exchange rates in effect at the balance sheet date. Gains or losses resulting from transactions denominated in other currencies are recognized in our consolidated statements of operations within other income (expense), net. We recognized a gain of $0.2 million and a loss of $10.2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and gains of $5.0 million and $9.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, related to transactions denominated in other currencies.
Depreciation and Amortization Expense
The amortization of deferred financing fees is included in depreciation and amortization expense in the consolidated statements of cash flows; however, for purposes of the consolidated statements of operations they are included in interest expense, net.
Accounts Receivable, Net
Accounts receivable, net includes $400.7 million due from credit card processors as of June 30, 2021, which is expected to be collected within the next 12 months. Prior to the resumption of cruise operations, these amounts were classified in other long-term assets as a result of the uncertainty surrounding the timing of their collection.
Recently Issued Accounting Guidance
In March 2020, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting (“ASU 2020-04”), which provided guidance to alleviate the burden in accounting for reference rate reform by allowing certain expedients and exceptions in applying GAAP to contracts, hedging relationships and other transactions impacted by reference rate reform. The provisions apply only to those transactions that reference LIBOR or another reference rate expected to be discontinued due to reference rate reform. Adoption of the provisions of ASU 2020-04 are optional and are effective from March 12, 2020 through December 31, 2022. As of June 30, 2021, we have not adopted any expedients and exceptions under ASU 2020-04. We will continue to evaluate the impact of ASU 2020-04 on our consolidated financial statements.
The entire disclosure for the basis of presentation and significant accounting policies concepts. Basis of presentation describes the underlying basis used to prepare the financial statements (for example, US Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, Other Comprehensive Basis of Accounting, IFRS). Accounting policies describe all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef