|12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2022
Nature of Leases
We have operating leases primarily for port facilities and also corporate offices, warehouses, and certain equipment. Many of our leases include both lease and non-lease components. We have adopted the practical expedient which allows us to combine lease and non-lease components by class of asset. We have applied this expedient for office leases, port facilities, and certain equipment.
The components of lease expense were as follows (in thousands):
Lease balances were as follows (in thousands):
Supplemental cash flow and non-cash information related to leases was as follows (in thousands):
The right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for lease obligations for the year ended December 31, 2022 decreased primarily related to a modification of a port facility agreement.
Other supplemental information related to leases was as follows:
As of December 31, 2022, maturities of lease liabilities were as follows (in thousands):
We have one sales-type lease for constructed land-based transportation equipment and infrastructure. The term of the lease is 20 years. At the end of the lease term, the assets shall be conveyed to the lessee. As of December 31, 2022, the lease receivable is $43.5 million and is recognized within accounts receivable, net and other long-term assets. The maturities of the lease receivable as of December 31, 2022 were as follows (in thousands):
Significant Assumptions and Judgments in Applying Topic 842 and Practical Expedients Elected
Our leases contain both fixed and variable payments. Fixed payments and variable lease payments that depend on a rate or index are included in the calculation of the right-of-use asset. Other variable payments are excluded from the calculation unless there is an unavoidable fixed minimum cost related to those payments such as a minimum annual guarantee. Our lease assets are amortized on a straight-line basis except for our rights to use port facilities. The expenses related to port facilities are amortized based on passenger counts as this basis represents the pattern in which the economic benefit is derived from the right to use the underlying asset.
For non-consecutive lease terms, which relate to our rights to use certain port facilities, the term of the lease is based on the number of days on which we have the right to use a specified asset. We have adopted the practical expedient to exclude leases with terms of less than one year from being included on the balance sheet. Lease expense for agreements that are short-term are disclosed below and include both fixed and variable payments.
Certain leases include one or more options to extend or terminate and are primarily in five-year increments. Lease extensions and terminations, including auto-renewing lease terms, were only included in the calculation of the right-of-use asset to the extent that the right to renew or terminate was at the option of the lessor only or where there was a more than insignificant penalty for termination.
As our leases do not have a readily determinable implicit rate, we estimated our incremental borrowing rate to determine the net present value of the lease payments at the commencement date. Our incremental borrowing rate was estimated based on the rate we would have obtained if we had borrowed collateralized debt over the lease term to purchase the asset.
We have also adopted the practical expedient which allows us, by class of asset, to not separate lease and non-lease components when we are the lessor in the underlying transaction, the transactions would otherwise be accounted for under ASC 606–Revenue Recognition and the non-lease components are the predominant components of the agreements. We have applied this practical expedient to transactions with cruise passengers and concession service providers related to the use of our ships. We refer you to Note 3 – “Revenue and Expense from Contracts with Customers.”
Leases That Have Not Yet Commenced
We have one agreement related to our rights to use a port facility which is under construction. The lease term for this agreement has not commenced as of December 31, 2022. Although we may have provided design input or advances related to these assets, we have determined that we do not control the assets during the period of construction. The lease
is expected to commence in 2024. This port facility has undiscounted minimum annual guarantees of approximately $141.1 million of passenger fees.