Employee Benefits and Share-Based Compensation
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2022
|Disclosure of Compensation Related Costs, Share-based Payments [Abstract]|
|Employee Benefits and Share-Based Compensation||
Amended and Restated 2013 Performance Incentive Plan
In January 2013, NCLH adopted the 2013 Performance Incentive Plan, which provided for the issuance of up to 15,035,106 of NCLH’s ordinary shares pursuant to awards granted under the plan, with no more than 5,000,000 shares being granted to one individual in any calendar year. In May 2016 and May 2021, the plan was amended and restated (the “Restated 2013 Plan”) pursuant to approval from the Board of Directors and NCLH’s shareholders. Among other things, under the Restated 2013 Plan, the number of NCLH’s ordinary shares that may be delivered pursuant to all awards granted under the plan was increased to a new maximum aggregate limit of 32,375,106 shares. In June 2022, NCLH’s shareholders approved a further amendment and restatement of the Restated 2013 Plan to increase the number of NCLH ordinary shares that may be delivered by 7,000,000, resulting in an increase in the maximum aggregate limit to 39,375,106 shares. Additionally, the expiration date of the Restated 2013 Plan was extended to April 25, 2032. Share options under the plan are granted with an exercise price equal to the closing market price of NCLH shares at the date of grant. The vesting period for time-based options is typically set ator years with a contractual life of 10 years. The vesting period for time-based and performance-based restricted share units is generally three years. Forfeited awards will be available for subsequent awards under the Restated 2013 Plan.
Share Option Awards
There were no share option awards granted for the years ended December 31, 2022, 2021 and 2020. The following table sets forth a summary of option activity under NCLH’s Restated 2013 Plan for the period presented:
The total intrinsic value of share options exercised during 2022, 2021 and 2020 was $0, $0 and $0.6 million, respectively, and total cash received by the Company from exercises was $0, $0 and $2.2 million, respectively. As of December 31, 2022, there was no unrecognized compensation cost, related to options granted under our share-based incentive plans.
Restricted Share Unit (“RSU”) Awards
In March 2022, NCLH granted 4.8 million time-based RSU awards to our employees, which primarily vest in substantially equal installments over three years. Also, in March 2022, NCLH granted 1.9 million performance-based RSU awards to certain members of our management team, which vest upon the achievement of certain pre-established performance targets established through 2024 and the satisfaction of an additional time-based vesting requirement that generally requires continued employment through March 1, 2025.
The fair value of the time-based and performance-based RSUs is equal to the closing market price of NCLH shares at the date of grant. The performance-based RSUs awarded to certain members of our management team are subject to performance conditions such that the number of shares that ultimately vest depends on the Adjusted EPS and Adjusted ROIC achieved by the Company during the performance period compared to targets established at the award date or other non-financial targets. Although the terms of the performance-based RSU awards provide the compensation committee with the discretion to make certain adjustments to the performance calculation, a mutual understanding of the key terms and conditions of these awards has been ascertained. The Company remeasures the probability and the cumulative share-based compensation expense of the awards each reporting period until vesting or forfeiture occurs.
The following table sets forth a summary of RSU activity for the period presented:
As of December 31, 2022, there were total unrecognized compensation costs related to non-vested time-based, non-vested performance-based and market-based RSUs of $91.1 million, $18.4 million and $0, respectively. The costs are expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.7 years, 1.6 years and 0 years, respectively, for the time-
based, performance-based and market-based RSUs. Taxes paid pursuant to net share settlements in 2022, 2021 and 2020 were $21.0 million, $16.7 million and $15.4 million, respectively.
Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”)
In April 2014, NCLH’s shareholders approved the ESPP. The purpose of the ESPP is to provide eligible employees with an opportunity to purchase NCLH’s ordinary shares at a favorable price and upon favorable terms in consideration of the participating employees’ continued services. A maximum of 2,000,000 of NCLH’s ordinary shares may be purchased under the ESPP. To be eligible to participate in an offering period, on the grant date of that period, an individual must be customarily employed by the Company or a participating subsidiary for more than twenty hours per week and for more than five months per calendar year. Participation in the ESPP is also subject to certain limitations. The ESPP is considered to be compensatory based on: a) the 15% purchase price discount and b) the look-back purchase price feature. Since the plan is compensatory, compensation expense must be recorded in the consolidated statements of operations on a straight-line basis over the six-month withholding period. As of December 31, 2022 and 2021, we had a liability for payroll withholdings received of $2.9 million and $2.7 million, respectively.
The compensation expense recognized for share-based compensation for the periods presented include the following (in thousands):
Employee Benefit Plans
We offer annual incentive bonuses pursuant to our Restated 2013 Plan for our executive officers and other key employees. Bonuses under the plan become earned and payable based on the Company’s performance during the applicable performance period and generally require the individual’s continued employment. Company performance criteria include the attainment of certain financial targets and other strategic objectives.
Certain employees are employed pursuant to agreements that provide for severance payments. Severance is generally only payable upon an involuntary termination of the employment by us without cause or a termination by the employee for good reason. Severance generally includes a series of cash payments based on the employee’s base salary and our payment of the employee’s continued medical benefits for the applicable severance period.
We maintain a 401(k) Plan for our shoreside employees, including our executive officers. Participants may contribute up to 100% of eligible compensation each pay period, subject to certain limitations. In 2022 and 2021, we made matching contributions equal to 100% of the first 3% and 50% of amounts greater than 3% to and including 10% of each participant’s contributions subject to certain limitations. In addition, we may make discretionary supplemental contributions to the 401(k) Plan, which shall be allocated pro rata to each eligible participant based on the compensation of the participant relative to the total compensation of all participants. Our matching contributions are vested according to a five-year schedule. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, in 2020, we paused our matching contributions under the 401(k) Plan for a portion of the year. The 401(k) Plan is subject to the provisions of ERISA and is intended to be qualified under section 401(a) of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code (the “Code”). We recorded total expenses related to the above 401(k) Plan of $11.6 million, $8.7 million and $2.8 million for the years ended December 31, 2022, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
Effective January 2009, we implemented the Shipboard Retirement Plan which computes benefits based on years of service, subject to eligibility requirements. The Shipboard Retirement Plan is unfunded with no plan assets. The current portion of the projected benefit obligation of $1.4 million and $0.9 million was included in accrued expenses and other
liabilities as of December 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively, and $27.3 million and $33.8 million was included in other long-term liabilities in our consolidated balance sheets as of December 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
The amounts related to the Shipboard Retirement Plan were as follows (in thousands):
The discount rates used in the net periodic benefit cost calculation for the years ended December 31, 2022, 2021 and 2020 were 2.8%, 2.3% and 3.2%, respectively, and the actuarial loss is amortized over 18 years. The discount rate is used to measure and recognize obligations, including adjustments to other comprehensive income (loss), and to determine expense during the periods. It is determined by using bond indices which reflect yields on a broad maturity and industry universe of high-quality corporate bonds.
The pension benefits expected to be paid in each of the next five years and in aggregate for the five years thereafter are as follows (in thousands):
The entire disclosure for an entity's employee compensation and benefit plans, including, but not limited to, postemployment and postretirement benefit plans, defined benefit pension plans, defined contribution plans, non-qualified and supplemental benefit plans, deferred compensation, share-based compensation, life insurance, severance, health care, unemployment and other benefit plans.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef
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